A spinal tumor is an abnormal mass of tissue within or surrounding the spinal cord and spinal column, in which cells grow and multiply uncontrollably, seemingly unchecked by the mechanisms that control normal cells. Spinal tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Primary tumors originate in the spine or spinal cord and metastatic or secondary tumors result from cancer spreading from another site to the spine. The surgeons in the group are well trained and experienced in the management of complex spinal tumors, and are situated in one of the foremost neurological centers in the country for treatment of these disorders.
Indications for surgery vary depending on the type of tumor. Primary spinal tumors may be removed through complete en bloc resection for a possible cure. In patients with metastatic tumors, treatment is primarily palliative, with the goal of restoring or preserving neurological function, stabilizing the spine, and alleviating pain. Indications for surgery include intractable pain, spinal cord compression, and the need for stabilization of impending pathological fractures.
The physicians at the Neurosurgical Group of Texas have pioneered and promoted the removal of spinal tumors through minimally invasive approaches when possible. These approaches maximize patient recovery and help to preserve spinal stability. More complex lesions may require short-segment fixation devices.
The doctors in the Neurosurgical Group of Texas confine their treatment of serious spinal tumors to the Texas Medical Center hospitals, recognized around the world for excellence in state of the art medicine and neurosurgery.